|TFD Multilingual Page > Fire Protection Management and Disaster Protection Management|
The idea of fire protection management is to plan and carry out measures to prevent fires and minimize the damage caused by fires.
The "entitled" persons (*1) responsible for the management of large public assembly places (with a certain number of occupant load or more) need to appoint fire protection managers (*2) and practice fire protection management (*3). [Article 8, Section 1 of the Fire Service Law]
In addition, large buildings are required to have disaster protection managers (*2) in preparation for earthquakes and the special incidents caused by toxic or radioactive materials (*4). [Article 36, Section 1 of the Fire Service Law]
In this case, one person is to act as a fire protection manager and disaster protection manager. [Article 36, Section 2 of the Fire Service Law]
Furthermore, in terms of smooth, effective disaster response, large buildings need to organize their own private fire brigades for the early stage firefighting, emergency reporting (to the fire department), and evacuation that are necessary in case of fires, earthquakes or other disasters. [Article 8-2-5, Section 1 of the Fire Service Law]
If there are several entitled persons found in a building, the building owners need to take the initiative to establish a private fire brigade. [Article 4-2-5, Section 2 of the Fire Service Law Enforcement Order]
"You should protect your own life and properties."－this is the principle of fire protection management and disaster protection management. We need to improve fire and disaster protection measures to prevent fires and mitigate the damage from disasters.
They are responsible for fire protection management. They are, for example, building owners, business managers or tenants.
They are responsible for the promotion of fire/disaster protection management.
They are the "leaders" well informed of fire/disaster protection management.
One person is to act as a fire protection manager and disaster protection manager.
Fire protection managers need to conduct the following:
Disaster protection managers need to conduct the following:
*Also, the buildings with private fire brigades [Article 4-2-4 of the Fire Service Law Enforcement Order]
The managers need to be through with the two-day Fire and Disaster Protection Manager's Course or well informed of fire prevention and disaster preparedness, and eligible for a safety supervising job.
A private fire brigade consists of a chief and the leaders of the initial stage firefighting group, the 1-1-9 call and reporting group, the evacuation group and the first aid group. The chief and leaders need to be through with the two-day Private Fire Brigade Training Course or well informed of a private fire brigade system.
Preparation of a Fire Protection Plan
The manager needs to prepare a feasible, effective plan according to the actual situation of the workplace. The plan can be "variedly" (yet clearly) made for everyone to understand with ease. (See the Tokyo Fire Department website for samples.)
Fire Prevention Guidance
With the fire protection plan completed, the manager needs to give guidance to every building/facility member in the content of the plan and safety regulations as well as the importance of fire and disaster protection.
Private Fire Brigade Training
The manager needs to give firefighting, emergency reporting and evacuation training to the employees in preparation for a fire, an earthquake, etc. according to the fire protection plan. Places casually visited by a number of people, such as restaurants and stores, need the training at least twice a year, and other buildings once a year or more.
Revision of a Fire Protection Plan
The plan needs to be changed, if necessary, after private fire brigade training.